Exhibition

THEMATIC EXHIBITION ``ART``

The Thematic exhibition is located in the B2 hall. In alphabetical order.

COLLECTA IN PHILATELICS
PREPARED BY: Tone Simončič, FZS, Slovenian philatelic association of Ljubljana

The International Collectors Fair Collecta is perhaps the only fair of its kind, which also has its own philatelic collection. At each trade fair there is a series of philatelic products, mainly a first-day commemorative cover, a commemorative postmark, personal stamps, postcards, maximum cards, etc. Collecta can boast that during its first years it used to publish one, however later it already published three different personal stamps. So far, 22 stamps and a miniature sheet with one stamp has been published by the Post of Slovenia. Designers of philatelic products are renowned designers, so it’s no wonder that most of these products soon sold out. At the opening of the fair we present at the entrance to the exhibition space most of the philatelic products, from the first to the last session. So, we already have over 150 products dedicated to Collecta. This part of the exhibition belongs to the “iron” exhibition program.

NUMISMATICS AND SPACE
PREPARED BY: Janez Andrejc, Numismatic Society of Slovenia

I will exhibit and present some banknotes and coins that are in any way related to the exploration of space, the first flight into space and landing on the moon. A newspaper will be exhibited as well – a special edition of Delo, issued to commemorate the first landing on the moon, from 1969… In April 1961, Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin flew above the Earth’s atmosphere using the VOSTOK 1 spacecraft, officially becoming the first man to do so and circle the Earth. Since then, space has provided endless possibilities for exploration and with every new discovery and important event, various countries are publishing numismatic material which commemorates these events forever…

FROM ICARUS TO THE SPACE STATION

PREPARED BY: Bojan BRAČIČ

A timeline of the human conquest of the universe, from myths and first flights with balloons and planes, to scientists who have significantly influenced the development of rocket technology and spacecrafts. Space programs and astronauts from Sputnik to the International Space Station (ISS) are depicted.

MATHEMATICIANS, PHYSICISTS, CHEMISTS AND BIOLOGISTS
PREPARED BY: Bojan BRAČIČ

The collection depicts a timeline of researchers in the field of natural sciences according to their individual scientific disciplines and a description of their most important discoveries.

VERIGARJI (CHAIN BREAKERS – A SERIES OF THE FIRST “SLOVENIAN” POST STAMPS ISSUED IN 1919)
PREPARED BY: Bojan BRAČIČ

A collection of stamps and some postal documents showing the use of the Verigar stamps.

ALAN FORD
With us already for 50 years
PREPARED BY: Antique shop Glavan, Institute of Culture and Education

Alan Ford celebrates his 50th birthday this May. For this occasion, we are preparing an exhibition of original comic brackets in the National Gallery. At Collecta, we will remember thanks to the exhibition, that comics are interesting for collectors as well. More about the exhibition at www.alanford.si.

YEAR 2019, FULL OF ANNIVERSARIES
PREPARED BY: Dr. Veselko Guštin

In the framework of the exhibition we celebrate 100 years of the “Verigarji”, 200 years since the death of Valentin Vodnik, 100 years since the auxiliary issues in the Primorska region, 75 years of disembarkation in Normandy, 50 years since the moon landing, 100 years since Prekmurje was linked to Yugoslavia, 100 years since the beginning of Alme Karlin’s travels, 100 years of the University of Ljubljana and others.

MECHANICAL CALCULATORS
Old computing devices and utilities.
PREPARED BY: Faculty of Computer and Information Science in Ljubljana (prepared by: dr. Veselko Guštin)

Hardly half a century has passed since we used to rely on these devices on a daily basis. Today they are part of a forgotten and unknown history.

WE COLLECT THIS AS WELL
PREPARED BY: Tone Simončič, FZS, Slovenian philatelic association of Ljubljana

The International Collecta Fair is a fair for collectors of numerous items. This exhibition displays a number of themes on 120 poles of A-4 sizes in 11 windows, which have become a true passion for some collectors. Let’s mention some collections: Real and promotional banknotes, bundles for banknotes and bags, badges, candy, cigar rings. Tea, membership cards (philatelic), chocolates, declarations on fruit, postcards (Slovene, Yugoslavian), charity stamps, postal labels »R« – registered mail, Labels – self adhesive, exlibris, philatelic essays, gramophone records – compact discs, horoscopes, cards of various organizations, bookmarks, stamped documents, maximum cards, patches, numismatic letter, keyrings, people’s credit bonds, personal cards, air fresheners, Cinderella cakes, five minutes for a song – notes with text, drinks (Waters, Mineral, Cocktails, sparking wines, liqueurs, spirits), letters (postal continents, plain, insured, american style envelopes), cookies, beer and cup mats, posters Stamps (advertising stamps, napkins, cookies, postcards (advertising, special forms, humorous), Drawing aids, self-adhesive stickers, Fruit – declarations, animal pictures, pictures of flags, slogan – flam, school schedules, telephone cards, pipe tobacco, vignettes, business cards, sugar bags, cords, tickets for events, match boxes, collections – miscellaneous, medicines – boxes, badges, stamps (Verigarji, special forms, former countries, Porto, veneer and wood), perforation gauges (philatelic), toothpicks, women’s wipes, pocket calendars, stamps of societies…

THE FIRST SLOVENIAN INVENTORS WITH PATENTS
PREPARED BY: Tone Simončič, FZS, Slovenian philatelic association of Ljubljana

Many Slovenian scientists were active in the Slovenian territory. Especially the inventors left their mark on the European space. They have created a technical heritage. Because they were aware of their discoveries, they were properly protected by patents. In the database of the European Patent Office – Espavenet, we can also find information regarding Slovenian inventors. This collection contains over 100 million patent documents. All inventors own one or more patents. The first was awarded to Janez Puhar in 1895. Our overview includes a dozen of interesting Slovenians who have become famous with their inventions and patents outside their homeland.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
PREPARED BY: Tone Simončič, FZS, Slovenian philatelic association of Ljubljana

Several Slovenian inventors also received a honorable place in philately. Nobel laureates were honored by some countries with special commemorative editions of philatelic products. We mention them in their respective branches that can be awarded with the Nobel Prize: Medicine, Physics, Literature, Chemistry Economics and Peace. Henry Dunant (Red Cross), Albert Einstein (general theory of relativity), Albert Schweitzer (peace), dr. Robert Koch (discovered the Bacillus of anthrax, tuberculosis, cholera – the founder of vaccination) is the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Medicine OKA physiology.

VALENTIN VODNIK (1758 – 1819), AN EXHIBITION ON THE 200TH ANNIVERSARY OF HIS DEATH
PREPARED BY: Members of the Numismatic Society of Slovenia: Janez Andrejc, Urban Mate, Zmago Tančič, Bogdana Herman and antiquer Rok Glavan.

Valentin Vodnik, Slovenian poet, writer, translator, publisher, teacher, priest… At the 200th anniversary of his death, we remember him with an exhibition of commemorative postcards, coins, medals and books. In this way, we want to show how important, respected and appreciated Valentin Vodnik was, even today.

STELLAR STONES: METEORITES AND TEKTITES
PREPARED BY: Miha Jeršek, the Natural History Museum of Slovenia and Onohej Zlatove, the Moldavit Association

The pieces of larger meteorites, originating mostly in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, may cause melting of silicate minerals on the Earth’s surface. Due to the great forces the melt flies into the atmosphere and even higher into space. When flying, it spins, has its characteristic transformation and it thus cools. When it comes back from space, a glass meteorite is formed that falls back to the surface of the Earth. On Earth, there are only 5 large areas – fields – with glass meteorite or with tektites, but experts are still not completely uniform about their origin. Nevertheless, they are an inspiration for experts, collectors and lovers of stones, because they contain a lot of magic and of the unusual in themselves.

PERSONAL PROCESSING OF FIČKO MINIATURES – ZASTAVA 750
Personal collection of processed models
PREPARED BY: Tomaž Alauf and Jerneja Kozmi

The exhibition will feature Fičo cars in various colors and criteria, with an emphasis on its own processing (by Tomaž). The collection basically includes the Zastava 750 cars in scale 1:43, which are processed differently – unusual colors, in the cabrio form, rally vehicles, lorry or limos, with various accessories (caravan, roof rack) or they commemorate special events with custom labels, company, sports club…).

ALFA ROMEO – PASSION IN SCALE 1:43
PREPARED BY: Branko Gabrič

The Alfa Romeo exhibition – the passion in scale 1:43 consists of car models in scale 1:43 and is divided into 3 parts: Alfa Romeo – personal vehicles, the most popular models in the past and today; Alfa Romeo – a sporty heart and; Alfa Romeo – in the service of the police.

COLLECTION OF MERCEDES-BENZ MINIATURES, METAL (TINPLATE) AND REMOTE-CONTROLLED TOYS
The rich history of the oldest car brand conjures new jubilee models for us annually, thus collector models of famous race cars are on display, models of passenger cars, as well as freight and passenger vehicles are presented fulfilling a variety of criteria.
PREPARED BY: Rok Britovšek

The specialty of Rok’s collection is collector models, metal (tinplate) and remote-controlled toys from all over the world. Already very early, the focus was aimed on the Mercedes-Benz brand and so gradually more criteria that we know today were added to the standard 1:18 scale. He is a collector that has been active since his early childhood, and his collection is one of the largest in his field as it covers over 5,000 Mercedes-Benz miniatures. In the collection we find giants in the scale of 1: 5 up to those smallest in the 1: 220 or the Z scale, which are in the size of copper coins connected with the smallest miniature rail.

FLUORESCENT MINERALS
PREPARED BY: Vojko Pavčič, Association of Friends of Minerals and Fossils of Slovenia Tržič and Miha Jeršek, Slovenian Museum of Natural History

The color of minerals is the property that is firstly and easily recognized. They can be admired in reflective or translucent light, in daylight or artificial light. Something special are those minerals that shine a certain wavelength of visible light, if illuminated by ultraviolet light. The phenomenon is called fluorescence and is a characteristic of only a select kind of minerals. In addition to classical fluorescent minerals from world famous deposits, the exhibition will present fluorescent minerals from the locations in Slovenia. These are primarily calcite, baryte, anglesite, cerusite, fluorite, corundum and sphalerite. Special feature of the exhibition will also be the fluorescent fossils and amber from the Velenje coal mine.

FROM THE GENDARM TO THE POLICE OFFICER
PREPARED BY: Police and retired police officer Štefan Abraham

Take a look at the development of the police through the historical eras, when various guardians of the public order took care of public safety. At the exhibition, we are laying out a uniform of a gendarm from the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, a uniform of a militia from Yugoslavia, a working uniform worn by militiamen during the independence war, and a uniform of a modern police officer. The exhibition will be enriched by the hand-made models of former and modern vehicles and vessels of the Slovenian police, which show the development of the police fleet and vehicles. Among the fans of nostalgia, the most popular will be the vehicle of the former militia, Golf II.

MEMORIAL GLASSES OF ROGAŠKA SLATINA FROM 1840 TO THE PRESENT DAY
Memorial glasses of Rogaška Slatina
PREPARED BY: Nani Poljanec; Museum Anin dvor / DZ LMRS

Memorial cups of Rogaška Slatina are a very important part of the Local studies collection of the Folk museum of Rogaška Slatina in the Anin dvor Museum, because they are double tied to Rogaška Slatina. Firstly because of the drinking of natural mineral waters, and from 1927 onwards, when the Glassworks of Rogaška started production. The most beautiful and the most rare are the glasses from the first half of the 19th century, masterly engraved or painted in most cases on red glasses (uberfang – the base is a transparent glass with the application of red rubin), there is also blue, as well as transparent gilded glasses. Hand-painted images followed, as well as labels and screen printing with thermal processing. The collection of glasses is very important for the history of Rogaška Slatina, and so some selected examples of the exhibit is found at this year’s exhibition of the 13. Collecta 2019 – the International Collector’s fair.

NIKOLA TESLA, LETTER TO CONSUL JANKOVIĆ, 28. 10. 1934, BLUE INK, 27.3 X 17.3 CM
Nikola Tesla – Letter, envelope and two bank checks.
PREPARED BY: Nani Poljanec; Anin Dvor Museum and the Folk museum of Rogaška Slatina

Nikola Tesla, letter sent to Consul Janković, sent on 28. 10. 1934, blue ink (dimension: 27.3 x 17.3 cm). KO: … written on the correspondence note of the N.T. Monogram from Hotel New Yorker, 28. 10. 1934, is a kind of thank you, because he is chosen as a honorary person at the commemoration of the assassination of King Alexander. The commemoration is organized by the Consulate of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in New York. The full translation of the letter, written in Latin script in Serbo-Croatian: “Dear Mr. Jankovič – I thank you for your kind letter, which I received on the 22. – this month. Mr. Jevtić is an extraordinary man because he remembered me in such difficult and personal circumstances. I kindly ask you to express my sincere greetings to him “Long live Yugoslavia”. The church rite moved me straight to the bone marrow. It still echoes in my head, the wonderful voice of the bishop Fedchankov, so deep and solemn that it seemed to me that some kind of gentle spirit was speaking from Alexander’s grave. I would be happy to squeeze the hand of our Croatian, who made such a beautiful anthem (A great rarity, though only rhetorical, because Tesla did not want to shake anyone’s hand except in gloves.) I was so moved that I was singing it to myself as I hurried along the streets, like Mercury light on my feet. When I analyzed my feelings I stopped in bereavement, because in the depths of my soul, I wanted to go to battle! Believe me, we work in vain to create world peace: as long as mankind will exist, so shall wars too! – Once more, I am grateful to you, yours truly Nikola Tesla – Mr. Radoje Janković – General Consul – 1819 Broadway – New York. The letter is written on three pages. On page 4, personal correspondence of Janković is written in Cyrillic lettering: Letter from Mr. Nikola Tesla from Nju Jorka g. Radoju Jankoviću gen.conuz. On the tragic death of our great King Aleksandar I. And signature: R. Janković Nikola Tesla (* 10. 7. 1856-Smiljan + 7. 1. 1943-New York) Serbian-American electrical engineer, inventor, physicist, chemist and mathematician. He is born in the village of Smiljan near Gospić in Croatia. He studied at the Technical College in Graz for two years, then in Prague. He has been working for several years in Budapest and in Paris at the Continental Edison company. In 1884 he moved to the United States, and in 1891 he was granted American citizenship. 1885 he sells his first major patent for generators, motors and transformers for an alternating current. In 1887 he opened his laboratory and devoted himself to the study of electromagnetics. He discovers the rotational magnetic field, improves the design of the induction motor, and develops the polyphase alternating electric current transfer. In 1896, according to his plans, they built a power plant at the Niagara Falls. Produced a Tesla transformer for the acquisition of high-frequency alternating currents. In Colorado he build a 200 kW powered radio station. He studied the possibilities for wireless control. He registered and applied 700 of his patents. He deals with visionary ideas of communication with other planets. Since 1956, a unit of magnetic induction is named after him; the tesla (T). In addition to Newton, Leonardo da Vinci and Einstein, Tesla was named the greatest scientist in history. He died in the 87th year of his life in New York. His last wish was to play the song “Tamo Daleko” (There, far away), on the violin at his funeral.

THE END OF THE GREAT WAR, WHICH WAS NOT TO BE (1918/1920)
The collection represents the time when the military campaign ended (October 1918). The difficult life of Slovenes began after the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy.
PREPARED BY: dr. Janez Cerkvenik, Philatelic association Lovro Košir Škofja Loka

The collection shows the situation in Carniola since the spring of 1918, when the national councils in Carniola were formed in Ljubljana in August 1918. As early as October, after the military campaign on the fronts, the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs was proclaimed at the Ljubljana Assembly on October 29, 1918. Two days later, the first Slovenian government was established. In November 1918, the Postal and telephony principality was established in Ljubljana. His first task was to issue Slovenian stamps. After the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, the biggest problem was that the new SHS State did not have established borders with Italy, Austria and Hungary, so on the 1. 12. 1918 it merged with the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. The fights for the northern border began, where General Rudolf Maister took over with his fighters. After the conceptual design of the painter Ivan Vavpotič, the first Slovenian stamps (Verigarji) were published in 1919. In the same year the first Slovenian university was established in Ljubljana. In 1920, a plebiscite was conducted in Carinthia with which Slovenians lost Carinthia all the way till Klagenfurt. The Rapallo agreement took the Littoral as well. A problem was also posed by war invalids (11500), who only received documents on the degree of their disability in 1920.

COLLECTION OF NUMISMATIC LETTERS
Personal Collection of the Collector
PREPARED BY: Tone Simončič

EXHIBITION OF THE RUSSIAN CENTER OF SCIENCE AND CULTURE
PREPARED BY: Russian Center of Science and Culture

COLLECTION OF TRADITIONAL PHILATELY
Golden Eggs or Beltin gang
PREPARED BY: Bojan Kranjc, member of FD Ljubljana

In the exhibited collection, the overprint of the Hungarian brands in Beltinci in the summer of 1919 is critically shown.

DR. FRANCE PREŠEREN
A collection that is not interesting to Slovenian cultural enthusiasts
PREPARED BY: Zmago Jelinčič Plemeniti

Three original Prešeren letters; Illirisches Blatt – 1833 – bound copies with the complete Alphabet wars; Special attachment dated 27th July 1833 with the first print of the Wreath of Sonnets (dedicated to Prešeren right below); Two bibliophilic editions; Poetry from 1896 with a portrait of the poet created using daguerreotype; A rare edition of poetry from 1921 – none of this is of interest to the Slovenian cultural scene.

1936 OLYMPIC GAMES
Part of a more extensive sports collection
PREPARED BY: Zmago Jelinčič Plemeniti

Both parts of the book Olympia 1936 with the publication by Leon Štukelj, who, as a competitor of Yugoslavia, received a silver medal in the Men’s Still rings competition. Album with thumbnails Die XI. The Berlin Olympics 1936 with a presentation of the discipline “Still Rings”. The metal baton for the transfer of the Olympic fire carried through Yugoslavia by Radovanovič Novak and his diploma. An original unused Olympic Games ticket and a photocopy of the last page. A postcard with a route of the Olympic fire that was carried for the first time in history. Letter clip with a commercial stamp for the Olympic Games.

MILITARY PIPES
Collections of our grandparents
PREPARED BY: Zmago Jelinčič Plemeniti

When the military service in the Austrian army ended, which lasted 10 years or more, it was at the time of the departure that the soldiers ordered a porcelain pipe, which besides the name also included the unit, and some other thought. For example, Infanterie Regimant 97 Ottavinik Donato (the Coastal – Carniolan regiment, the Trieste headquarters, the district of Trieste), the Festung Artilerie Regiment No 4, Štefan Bock (Styrian – Carniolan regiment, the Pule headquarters, the Graz district (3rd corps), and so on. The body of the pipe below consists of two porcelain parts, a firebox and a connecting part. Both of them are painted. On the connecting part there is a wooden elongated rod, and at the end it is a mouthpiece made of animal bone. Often the faucet is decorated with colorful pom poms.

EX-LIBRIS ART BY PAINTER SAŠA ŠANTEL (1883-1945)

Personal Collection of the Collector
PREPARED BY: Igor Longyka, researcher of the artistic family Šantel’s legacy

Saša Šantel was born in Gorica in 1883 into the famous art family Šantel. After studying painting in Vienna during 1901-1906, he was a teacher in Vienna, Koper, Pazin and Sušak, and from 1920 until his death in 1945, he taught at the Technical High School in Ljubljana. He is most noted as the pioneer of modern Slovenian graphics. His ex-libris work is also part of this branch of fine art. The term “ex-libris” derives from the Latin words “ex libris”, which literally means “from books”, and is used for a picture or bookmark inside the book, that signified who its owner was. Centuries ago, such a bookmark contained only the two words and the name of the owner, at first. Over time, they added artistic ornaments and symbols, which marked and showcased the owner’s profession, employment, character, hobbies, etc. Since the owners usually had a larger number of books, they also commissioned several ex-libris works. The cheapest method of reproduction was using graphics. The production of ex-libris pieces was particularly widespread at the end of the 19th and early 20th century, when various graphic techniques were developed. Among the Slovenes, in the years 1902 and 1903, Šantel produced amongst others the first coloured woodcuts, which were ex-libris pieces. Today he is a pioneer of Slovenian modern graphics, at the same time he is a pioneer of the modern ex-libris art. There are 36 of his ex-libris pieces, at the Collecta exhibition the most interesting ones will be exhibited, along with their description.

2 EUROS IN MY POCKET
Personal Collection of the Collector
PREPARED BY: Gorazd Budal

2 euros in Slovenia’s numismatic envelopes (the complete collection) and one numismatic envelope per every other country of the monetary union – a total of 32 exhibition sheets.

THE JURIJ VEGA BANKNOTE – FROM ITS CREATION TO THE PRESENT

PREPARED BY: Andrej Šemrov, Numizmatični kabinet Narodnega muzeja Slovenije

ART IN SLOVENIA
PREPARED BY: Tone Simončič, FZS, Slovenian philatelic association of Ljubljana

This year Philatelists celebrate the 100th anniversary of the first Slovenian stamp – Verigar. The author of the entire series is an academic painter prof. Ivan Vavpotič (Kamnik, 2/21/1977 – 11/01/1943, Ljubljana). The slave was used as a main motive for the mark, which Slovenian gymnast Stane Derganc was supposed to have posed for. At the time of the publication, after the First World War, it was difficult to obtain the appropriate materials. Therefore, it is not surprising that the experts claim the stamps were printed on more than fifty types of paper, they were printed in Ljubljana and Vienna, in letterpress and stone press … Due to the abnormal conditions its publication, the Verigar stamps are still subject of study (variety of colors, papers, cerated edges of the stamps, printing techniques …). Until then, the old Austria or the later Austro-Hungarian monarchy did not mention Slovenia with a single example in philatelic circles. Thus, Slovenians have a rich tradition on when it comes to this. After 1991, when we’ve received the first only-Slovenian stamp, in the field of philately, over a hundred designers deal with different motifs on our stamps. A number of products from Slovenian artists, dedicated to art, were published. We record practically all forms of philatelic products from conventional stamps, blocks, forms of postcards to letters and occasional postal stamps. Also, many personal stamps have filled the void in the field of art. Slovenian stamps are still being printed in various printing houses. That’s why the quality also fluctuates.

ART IN YUGOSLAVIA
PREPARED BY: Tone Simončič, FZS, Slovenian philatelic association of Ljubljana

In the former Yugoslavia art was given a good amount of attention. Already in 1943, the Yugoslav refugee government in London issued a series of six stamps with portraits of famous people from Yugoslavia. The Slovenes were represented by Valentin Vodnik. This issue of stamps is classified under special editions, since the stamps were not used generally by the post but were used only for ship transport. We also know about the test prints of Katoliška tiskarna (Catholic printing house) in Ljubljana. Already in 1948, a block and stamps bearing the image of Lovrenc Košir were issued, the founding father of Slovenian postal stamps. The following year we get three stamps with the image of France Prešeren. Later, there were always six batches being printed, one of them dedicated to Slovenia. In the Yugoslavia collection, we only classify philatelic products printed during the period when we were still members of the country, that is, until 1991. Yugoslav stamps are still considered to be beautifully designed graphic products printed in the famous Swiss printing house.